Liste der Schande: UN-Resolution zum Schutz von Kindern beschlossen

Der UN-Sicherheitsrat hat sich am Dienstag 13. Juli 2011 mit dem Thema "Kinder und bewaffnete Konflikte" beschäftigt. Diese untersagt Angriffe auf Schulen und Krankenhäuser. Darüber hinaus sollen Täter sowie Länder mit derartigen Angriffen auf eine "Liste der Schande" kommen.


Diejenigen, die gegen die Resolution verstoßen, müssen mit Reiseverboten und Kontosperrungen rechnen. UN-Generalsekretär Ban Ki Moon dankte Deutschland und den anderen Staaten für ihr Engagement. "Wir senden heute eine klare Botschaft: Der Schutz von Kindern ist eine Sache des Weltfriedens.“

Children and armed conflict - Report of the Secretary-General 
1. The present report, which covers the period from January to December 2010 (as well as some developments that have extended beyond the reporting period), is submitted pursuant to presidential statement S/PRST/2010/10 of 16 June 2010, by which the Council requested me to submit a report on the implementation of its resolutions 1261 (1999), 1314 (2000), 1379 (2001), 1460 (2003), 1539 (2004), 1612 (2005) and 1882 (2009), as well as its presidential statements on children and armed conflict.  
2. Pursuant to Security Council resolutions 1379 (2001), 1460 (2003), 1539 (2004), 1612 (2005) and 1882 (2009), the report provides information on grave violations committed against  children, in particular the recruitment and use of children, the killing and maiming of children, rape and other sexual violence against children, the abduction of children, attacks on schools and hospitals, and the denial of humanitarian access to children by parties to armed conflict in contravention of applicable international law (see sect. IV). The report also elaborates on the progress made by parties to conflict on dialogue and action plans to halt the recruitment and use of children and the patterns of killing and maiming of children or rape and other sexual violence against children (see sect. II). It provides updates on the release of children associated with armed forces and armed groups (see  sect. III), and describes progress made by the United Nations system in implementing specific requests of the Security Council (see sect. V). It also examines the grave violations related to attacks on schools and hospitals (see sect. VI), and outlines a series of recommendations (see sect. VII).   
3. The preparation of the present report involved broad consultations within the United Nations, in particular with the Task Force on Children and Armed Conflict at Headquarters, country task forces on monitoring and reporting, peacekeeping and political missions and United Nations country teams, as well as with concerned Member States and non-governmental organizations.  
4. References to reports, cases and incidents in the present report refer to information that is gathered, vetted and verified for accuracy. In situations where the ability to obtain or independently verify information  received is hampered by factors such as insecurity or access restrictions, it is qualified as such. In several situations covered by this report, the deterioration in security conditions continues to hamper systematic monitoring and reporting of grave violations against children.  Therefore, the information presented is indicative of the gravity of the violations committed against children, but not necessarily the scope and scale.  
5. Pursuant to Security Council resolution 1612 (2005), in identifying the situations that fall within the scope of her mandate, my Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict is guided by the criteria for determining the existence of an armed conflict found in international humanitarian law and international jurisprudence. In the performance of her mandate, my Special Representative has adopted a pragmatic and cooperative approach to this issue, with a humanitarian emphasis, aimed at ensuring a broad and effective protection for children exposed and affected by conflict in situations of concern. Reference to asituation of concern is not a legal determination and reference  to a non-State party does not affect its legal status.
Um den Text des Papiers wurde bis zum Schluss gerungen. Einige Länder sahen die Schutzmaßnahmen unter anderem als Einmischung in die inneren Angelegenheiten. Zuletzt einigten sich die 15 Saaten jedoch auf den Text.

MORE ...  
Children and armed conflict
[Letzte Aktualisierung 18.7.11] 

Keine Kommentare:

Kommentar veröffentlichen